Multiple Sclerosis

This progressive disease destroys myelin, the sheath that normally protects neuronal axons, which constitute the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. The result is that electrical impulses from neurons are either slow to reach their targets or fail to arrive altogether. Neurons can also become damaged, further interfering with neuronal communication. Depending on where in the nervous system this damage occurs, it can impair any neurological function, including memory, sensation, and the control of movement. The most common neurological symptoms include numbness, weakness, and paralysis.

About half of people with multiple sclerosis have cognitive difficulties. As with physical symptoms, individual experiences with these symptoms differ considerably. The most common cognitive problems occur in the realms of attention, concentration, and executive functions, which refer to high-level cognitive functions, such as planning and reasoning. Deficits in these areas can have secondary impact on memory. In some people, these problems worsen over time, whereas in others, they remain stable or might even improve.

There's no cure for multiple sclerosis, but research indicates that certain medications can slow the progression of the disease. I69_

Many people with MS-related cognitive symptoms respond well to medications that augment attention and alertness.

0 0

Post a comment