Brain Works

The brain receives, organizes, and distributes information to guide our actions and also stores important information for future use. The problems we associate with getting older— forgetfulness, not feeling "sharp," or having difficulty learning new things—involve the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus.

Somatosensory Cortex touch

Visual Association Areas w

Visual Cortex vision

Auditory Cortex hearing

Motor Cortex muscle control and coordination

Premotor Cortex muscle coordination

Prefrontal Cortex social behavior, abstract reasoning, higher cognitive functions

Motor Cortex muscle control and coordination

Somatosensory Cortex touch

Visual Cortex vision

Auditory Cortex hearing

Premotor Cortex muscle coordination

Prefrontal Cortex social behavior, abstract reasoning, higher cognitive functions the seat of higher brain function

THE CORTEX

THE CORTEX

the seat of higher brain function

THE LIMBIC SYSTEM

brain areas involved in processing emotions

Cerebral Cortex involved in sensory processing, abstrac reasoning, and storing and retrieving memories

Hippocampus critical in forming and retrieving memory and in creating mental maps brain areas involved in processing emotions

Corpus Callosum bridge of nerve tissue connecting the left and right hemispheres

Cerebellum handles physical coordination

Cerebellum handles physical coordination

Corpus Callosum bridge of nerve tissue connecting the left and right hemispheres

Thalamus sensory messages to the brain are sorted in the thalmus and routed to the proper receiving centers in the cortex

Olfactory Bulbs information from the olfactory bulbs connects directly to the cortex, the amygdala (emotional center), and the hippocampus (memory). This may account for the strong memories and emotions that can be evoked by smells

The cortex is the part of the brain that is responsible for our unique human abilities of memory, language, and abstract thought. The hippocampus coordinates incoming sensory information from the cortex and organizes it into memories. The wiring of the cortex and hippocampus is designed to form links (or associations) between different sensory representations of the same object, event, or behavior.

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