Different Approaches To Reading

Elementary Reading (Linear Approach)

Average reading speed: 220 wpm

Upper limit: 400 wpm

Fewer than 1% of Americans read faster than 400 wpm

General Approach

Read once through Receive passively

Comprehend and remember as you read

Think that one speed fits all

Use one strategy for all types of materials

Feel bored or anxious

Get all or nothing

Feel guilty for missing anything

Specific Skills

Recognizing alphabet sounds Recognizing words Combining words into phrases Starting and slogging until finished

Developmental Goals

Read more Read faster

Limiting Factors of Elementary Reading

Narrow visual field

7 plus or minus 2 bits of information in process Left to right, linear, sequential Overly detail oriented Slow

Using conscious mind, which represents only 5% of the brain's mass

Using the conscious data base, which is outweighed by the unconscious data base by 10 billion to 1

Critical of anything less than perfect reading and suspicious if every word is not received at a conscious level

Advanced Reading (Whole Mind Approach)

Reading: 300 - 3,000 wpm Speed Reading: 600 - 25,000 wpm PhotoReading: 25,000 wpm +

General Approach

Multiple read approach Active Purposeful Questioning Useful for prioritizing Aimed at recognizing core concepts Flexible

Deductive: whole to parts

Positive, trusting in self

Mindful of time; efficient

Willing to take risks and increase potentials

Specific Skills

Recognizing word patterns Skipping unnecessary words Recognizing meanings instead of sounds Previewing Prioritizing

Accelerated learning states, relaxed alertness Mind mapping

Associative memory techniques

Super reading


Rapid reading


Selecting appropriate strategy

Developmental Goals

Eliminate or reduce; Regression, Subvocalization, and Auditory Reading

Increase: Concentration, Attention Speed, through visual reading techniques Eye-mind connections Comprehension, Retention, Recall Relaxation, Pleasure

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Self Help Affirmations

The big book of affirmations from personal development authors. An affirmation is something you say to yourself. Everybody uses them on purpose or accidentally. You get up in the morning, leap out of bed and proclaim,

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