Sophrology, then, incorporates the positive aspects of hypnosis, but develops its application to a much higher degree.
Officially, Doctor Caycedo rejects any connection between sophrology and parapsychology. It is his view that since paranormal phenomena are not commonly observed in all individuals, they are beyond the scope of sophrological study.
Although this explanation, offered at the First International Congress on Sophrology in Barcelona, may have satisfied most of those present, we feel it is still not adequate, for the following reasons:
Firstly, as we will see later on, certain paranormal phenomena can be triggered in all individuals, using sophrological methods. Caycedo's aim was to separate sophrology from parapsychology altogether, in order to ensure greater respectability for the new approach. This was understandable, in light of the fact that many psychiatrists, psychologists and doctors had already expressed hostile opinions about the new discipline, even though they knew hardly anything about it. Getting involved in a debate about paranormal phenomena would only have confused the issue and impede any progress he hoped to achieve. We mustn't forget that, despite the efforts of certain governments and a number of serious researchers, notably in the U.S. and Russia, the view that parapsychology is tainted by association with charlatans and fringe cults predominated among a vast majority of people. Although shortsighted, this kind of skepticism concerning anything even vaguely associated with the paranormal was deeply imbedded and extremely widespread.
The fact remains, however, that many sophrologists have encountered surprising incidents in the course of their practice, incidents that cannot be explained by the existence of ESP alone.
Freud considered telepathy and clairvoyance vestiges of faculties that were indispensable to prehistoric man. Telepathy was necessary in order to communicate, and clairvoyance in order to survive in a generally hostile en vironment. As man's logic and reason developed, these faculties became increasingly atrophied, although they have still remained engraved in our cells, and can therefore be reactivated. To do this, our logical, rational mind, centered in a part of the brain called the cerebral cortex, must be subdued, leaving room for more primitive mental functions, centered in the rhinencepha-lon or olfactory brain, to operate. Over the course of human evolution, the primitive olfactory brain was covered over by the cerebral cortex. Altered states of consciousness, induced by various means, allow intuitive data to rise to the surface of our awareness.
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These techniques will work for stage hypnosis or hypnotherapy, however, they are taught here for information purposes only. After reading this book you will have the knowledge and ability necessary to hypnotise people, but please do not practice hypnosis without first undergoing more intensive study.