Writing And Speechmaking

I PRESUME that no one will venture to write an article or deliver a lecture who has not studied the subject of which he intends to treat. It is, however, well known that even when that has been done, a writer or speaker often forgets, at the moment when he needs them, several points and illustrations which he had intended to present in connexion with his subject. This can be avoided by the following means. Supposing that a speaker has considered the occasion of his article or speech, and the...

Placing The Memory

IN a previous chapter I have mentioned that the Greek poet Simonides had the idea of symbolizing complex or abstract ideas so as to remember them easily. The examples I took were from a hypothetical discourse in which government, financial matters and naval affairs and the necessity for wisdom in the policy of the time, would be represented respectively by a crown or sceptre, a current coin, the image of a ship, and the figure of Minerva. We are also indebted to him for the idea of using places...

Familiarization Of Words

THE principle of familiarization is especially useful in learning the words of a foreign language. In this connexion let me enunciate again two important points. Do not try to put an unfamiliar thing into the mind, and do not try to do two things at once, namely, to remember an unfamiliar word and also its meaning. To learn foreign words always reduce them to familiar sounds then associate them with their meanings. First take the foreign word which you have to learn, and repeat it to yourself...

1

So refrain from explaining the phonetics of the Sanskrit alphabet. One of the uses of this system is found in a commentary on the Ramayana, in which the number of verses is given in mnemonic form at the ends of certain sections. We find apparently unmeaning words ending in mana (a measure), such as garamana, which would indicate the number 32. The system is also referred to in other places, such as Vararuchi's Kadinava and the Laghu Arya Siddhanta. Now to the system which I advocate. It springs...

Fig C

Are tree and branch whale and blubber Bengal and India sea and waves book and page box and lid cow and horns bird and wings ten and five river and water. We may symbolize the relationship thus B. This occurs when two ideas or objects are different parts of the same whole. Examples are hull and sails of a ship thumb and finger of a hand , root and branch of a tree nerves and muscles stairs and door. We may symbolize the relationship thus A. This occurs when two objects or ideas are related as...