L

L1 neural cell adhesion molecule,

167, 330b Landau, Manny, 177, 182

Lashley Maze, 28

Lashley Mazeā€”Rat's Eye View, 60 Lashley, Karl, 30, 35, 52 Latent inhibition, conditioned taste aversion, 41 hippocampal refractory in shock alone control test, 50 Learning, 4

component of memory, 7 induction of memory, 257 modulatory factors, 23-24 suvival value, 9 LeDoux, Joseph, 47, 84b, 275-278b Lee, Hei-sung, 216 Leitges, Michael, 202-203 Leptin, 152, 153f

Levenson, Jonathan, 125-127b Levy, Michael, 176-177 Ligand-gated ion channels, 95b Light-dark exploration task, 57 LIMK-1,328-329b Lipoxygenase pathway, 211 Lisman, John, 164, 195, 217, 386 Liu, Guosong, 125-127b L-LTP, 233-235

altered gene expression, 235-240 altered protein synthesis,

235-236 decay, 238-239b definition, 236

induction mechanisms, 221-226 maintenance mechanisms, 235 mRNA increase, 239 self-perpetuating signal, 254, 257 signaling mechanisms, 241-257 CREB gene regulation system,

241-243 gene targets, 245-251 modulatory influences on the system, 244-245 mRNA targeting and transport, 251-253 transition from E-LTP, 189-192, 221

Lomo, Terje, 96-97, 97f, 127 Long-term Depression, 48b,

139-141b, 141f, 216, 223, 264 cerebellar, 291-293b molecular mechanisms, 295b Long-term facilitation, 379, 382-384 Long-term memory, 9 analog of LTP, 233 disruption, 10 vs. short-term memory, 53 Long-term potentiation, 47, 87 aging-related decline, 338 Angelman Syndrome mouse model, 320f, 319-321 as information buffer, 264, 294 Bliss and Lomo, 96-97, 97f cooperativity of, 106 expression of, 135, 135f, 138f, 139

Fmr2 knockout mice, 330-331, 331f high-frequency stimulation, 96, 235

100 Hz, 96, 100, 130-131, 150 Theta burst stimulation, 103,

150, 175, 235 Theta frequency stimulation, 103, 131, 150, 156, 175 in vivo, 274

increased action potential firing during, 127-130

induction, see LTP induction information processing, 285-288 maintenance, 135, 135f, 138f,

139, 254 molecular markers, 283 NF1 mouse model, 312-131, 131f NMDAR-dependent LTP, 102-110

APV blocks induction of LTP,

102-103, 103f dendritic action potentials,

106-109 pairing LTP, 104-106, 105f NMDAR-independent LTP, 110-112 200 Hz LTP, 110, 111f mossy Fiber LTP (MF-LTP), 111f, 111-112 role of VDCCs in, 175 TEA LTP (LTPk), 110-111, 111f relationship to memory, 263-285 link found in mouse models, 269

role in memory formation, 271 models memory, 284 role in consolidation, 296f temporal integration of induction, 130-131, 134 temporal phases of (I-E-L-LTP), 131-135, 139, 133f, 138f, 253 protein synthesis and altered gene expression, 190 intermediate phase LTP, 226 Tg2576 mice, 358 threshold for triggering, 106 VLDLR and ApoER2 effects, 355 Lorenz, Konrad, 10 LTP Experiment, 90 LTP induction, 100-102, 135, 135f, 138f, 139 branch specific, 108-109, 144 machinery, 148

mechanisms for LTP induction, 108-109, 148-150 altered gene expression and protein synthesis, 254 altered kinetics of glutamate release, 125-127b, 126f CaM activation of NOS, 198 diminished re-uptake of glutamate, 125-127b, 126f increased vesicle recycling, 125

phosphorylation of post-

synaptic proteins, 125 postsynaptic protein kinase activity, 119-120b, 120f presynaptic vs. postsynaptic, 118-126

modulation of, 136-138b, 137-138f LTP Induction Biochemistry, 146 LY294002, 213-215b Lynch, Gary, 218 Lynch, Marina, 338

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