Introduction

In the last chapter, we talked about rodent behavioral models in general, and touched on various examples of hippocampus-dependent learning and memory paradigms. In this chapter, we will delve into the role of the hippocampus in animal behavior in more detail, drawing specific examples from the literature for each of four categories of function. The first three categories involve the role of the hippocampus in information processing and cognition. Specifically, we will discuss how the hippocampus is involved in perceptual processing of information regarding space, time, and relationships among objects. The theme for the first part of this chapter, therefore, is that the hippocampus serves a role in multimodal information processing (see Figure 1).

The fourth function of the hippocampus that we will talk about is that it is required for memory consolidation, and we will address this in the final part of the chapter. This is the classic role of the hippocampus—to participate in the formation of long-term memories by helping to convert short-term sensory signals into long-term or permanently encoded memories. It is important to

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