Index

Super Memory Formula

Dementia Holistic Treatment

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academic medical centers, 15, 237-238 acetaminophen, 79-80, 182 acetylcholine, 104-105, 157-167

Alzheimer's disease and deficit of, 159-161 ways of boosting, 161-167 acetyl -1 -carinitine (Alcar), 163-164 addiction, 95, 98, 101

adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), 110 aerobic exercise, 60, 61, 194-195 age-associated memory impairment (AAMI), 12 ageism, 39

age-related cognitive decline (ARCD), 12 aging process biological clocks and, 35 learning and, 37-38 memory loss and, 12, 23-42, 47-48 memory training and, 73 mental abilities and, 40 programmed death of cells and, 34-35 recent memory and, 37 reversible memory loss and, 80-81, 191-193 senility and, 38-39 ways of thinking about, 39-40 Alcar (acetyl-1-carinitine), 163-164 alcohol use, 49, 95-98, 115 brain damage from, 97-98 early signs of alcoholism, 95 memory loss from, 95-97, 192 tolerance and withdrawal and, 98 alternative remedies, 137, 140-149 facts about, 149 Memory Program and, 45 regulating, 137

variations in quality and content of, 139 aluminum, 214

Alzheimer's disease, 1, 2, 39, 125-130, 170, 173 acetylcholine deficit and, 159-161 acetyl -1 -carinitine for, 164 alcohol use and, 96 amyloid plaques in, 39, 220-221 brain inflammation in, 182 coming to terms with, 129-130 creativity and, 41-42 donepezil (Aricept) for, 159, 165-166 early diagnosis of, 126-129 genetic markers of, 128-129 imaging in diagnosis of, 27

lecithin for, 162

mild memory loss and, 3-4, 90, 129 potential therapies for, 130 American Psychiatric Association, 91 AMPA receptors, 223 amphetamines, 99-101

amyloid plaques, in Alzheimer's disease, 39, 220-221 anaerobic exercise, 60, 61, 194-195 aniracetam, 172-173 anticholinergic medications, 104-105 anticoagulant medications, 123-124 antidepressant medications, 92-93 anti-inflammatory agents, 130, 182-185

antioxidants, 56, 57, 150-156

arsenic, 107

arthritis, 183

aspirin, 182

memory loss and, 123, 184, 198, 200, 202, 203 sensitivity to, 184 stroke prevention and, 123 associations, in memory training, 68 associative thinking, 40-41 Ayurveda, 140-141, 142-144

barley, 155 Benadryl, 105

benign memory loss, 4-5, 12, 14

benzodiazepines, 104

biological clocks, and memory loss, 35

boron, 215

brain acetylcholine deficit in, 159-161 alcohol damage to, 96, 97-98 estrogen and, 178-179 expanding memory storage and, 33 inflammation of, 181-185 medications stimulating function of, 168-173 medication toxicity and, 103 memory and, 29, 30-32 plasticity of, 32 stress and, 84 stroke and, 38-39 brain tonics, 149 BR-16A, 141

caffeine, 98-99

carbohydrates, 52, 55

carbon monoxide poisoning, 107-108

CAT (computerized axial tomography), 25-26, 120

celecoxib (Celebrex), 185, 201

Chinese medicines, 143

choline, 162, 164, 173

cholinesterase inhibitors, 161, 217-218

chromium, 214-215

chunking, 70

circulation, and exercise, 60-61 cocaine, 99-100 codeine (Tylenol 3), 79-80, 101 coenzyme Q10, 149 Cognex, 164-165, 177 cognition acetylcholine and, 160-161

nicotine and, 167 combination therapies, 218 COX-II inhibitors, 184-185, 201 creativity, 40-41, 41-42 CREB gene, 222

CT (computerized axial tomography), 25-26 Cushing's disease, 115

cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-II inhibitors, 184-185, 201 Dalmane, 104

dementia, 3, 125, 130-131, 148, 173 Deprenyl, 152-154, 198, 200-201, 203 depression, 49, 85-94 action steps for, 94 alcohol use and, 98 bereavement and, 85-86 diagnosing, 91-92 medications for, 92-93 memory and, 87-90, 192 depressive personality, 91 DHEA, 201, 211-213 diabetes, 111-112

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM, version IV), 91 Diazepam, 104 diet, 2

action steps for, 58-59 aggressive dieting and, 52 antioxidant foods in, 56 exercise and, 196

Memory Program and, 45, 48, 51-59, 193-194 vitamins and, 56-58 diphenhydramine, 105 doctors checking medications with, 139, 197 memory loss evaluation and, 14-15 donepezil (Aricept), 158-159, 163, 165-166, 167, 198, 199 dopamine, 100, 101, 168, 219

drug abuse, 99-102. See also alcohol use drugs, prescription. See medications

Ecstasy (amphetamines), 99-101 education, and memory, 24, 63-64 Egb 761 (ginkgo biloba), 144-146, 200 embolism, 122 emotional awareness, 66 endorphins, 60-61

environment, and memory loss, 36-37 episodic memory, 29 estrogen, 130, 174-180 brain and, 178-179 effects of, 176

genetic factors influencing, 176-177 memory loss and, 177-178, 198, 199, 202, 203 risks of, 179-180 evaluating memory loss, 11-27 action steps for, 25

benign versus malignant memory loss and, 4-5, 12 forgetting names and, 12-13 sources of help in, 15-16, 237-238 symptoms of memory loss and, 13-14 tests for, 16-25

tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon and, 13 types of doctors and, 14-15 event-related memory, 29 Exelon, 166 exercise, 2

action steps for, 61 circulation and mood and, 60-61 diet and, 196

Memory Program and, 45, 48, 59-61, 194-195 mental fitness related to, 59-60 explicit memory, 28-29

fiber, dietary, 53, 55

flavonoids, 155

fluid intake, 55, 194

fluoxetine (Prozac), 91, 92-93

flurazepam, 104

folic acid deficiency, 115-116

food. See diet forgetfulness. See also memory loss names and, 12-13 free radicals, 35-36, 84, 151 frontal lobes, 29, 40, 41, 68, 83, 109, 131 frontotemporal dementia, 131

functional MRI, 27

galantamine (Reminyl), 166, 206, 209 gender, and memory test performance, 24 genes

Alzheimer's disease and, 65, 128-129 memory loss and, 36-37, 221-222 treatment response to estrogen and, 176-177 ginseng, 136, 146-147

ginkgo biloba, 130, 136, 144-146, 198, 200, 203 green tea, 155 grieving process, 85-86

head injury, 108-110

heart disease, 84

heavy metals, 107

help, sources for, 15-16, 237-238

heroin, 101

high blood pressure, 47, 84 hippocampus, 29, 163, 182 diabetes and, 112 medication toxicity and, 104 memory and, 13, 31, 68, 220 stress and, 83, 84 homeopathy, 143-144 hormones, 110-115, 117, 213 hydergine, 171-172 hydrocortisone, 104 hypericum, 93 hypertension, 47, 84 hypothalamus, 110 hypothyroidism, 114

ibuprofen, 182, 185 ''idea density," 64-65

immune system, 214

types of immunity, 181-182 vitamin E and, 58 implicit memory, 28-29 indomethacin (Indocin), 182, 183-184, 185 infections, 108 insomnia, 86-87 intrinsic factor, 116 iron, 216

Korsakoffs syndrome, 96 lead, 107

lecithin, 162-163, 164, 168

Lewy body dementia, 131

links, in memory training, 68

List-Learning Test, 21

lists, and memory training, 71-72

loci technique, 67

long-term memory, 30, 31

lumbar puncture, in Alzheimer's disease, 128

magnesium, 58, 214 major depression, 91 malignant memory loss, 4-5, 12 marijuana, 99 medications, 133-185 customizing, 204-209 for depression, 92-93

dosage and memory loss and, 105, 202-203 Memory Program and, 45, 48, 196-198 practice effect and, 135-136 prescription narcotic addition and, 101 questions for your doctor about, 139, 197 regulating, 137-138 medication toxicity, 103-107

acetaminophen (Tylenol 3) and, 77-80 dosage and memory loss and, 105 mild memory loss and, 77-80, 81, 192 Prozac and, 93 signs of, 103 melatonin, 87, 136, 147-148 memory basics of, 9-42 brain and, 29 as a complex web, 31-32 depression and, 87-90 education and, 63-64 evaluating, 11-27

implicit versus explicit, 28-29 learning and, 37-38, 40 limits to, 33

short-term versus long-term, 30 stress and, 82-84 tests for checking, 16-25 memory helpers, 71 -72

memory loss. See also mild memory loss; severe memory loss aging process and, 12, 23-42, 47-48 alcohol use and, 95 -97 benign versus malignant, 4-5, 12 causes of, 48 depression and, 90 drug-induced, 102 education level and, 64 environment and, 36-37 forgetting names and, 12-13 genes and, 36-37 imaging in diagnosis of, 25-27 nerve cell loss and, 29 programmed cell death and, 34-35 reversible and less reversible, 48-49 sources of help for, 15-16, 237-238 symptoms of, 13-14 memory loss prevention, 6, 202. See also memory training Memory Program, 189-210

categories of people helped by, 5-6, 50, 189-190

customizing, 50, 203-209

diet and, 51-59, 193-194

exercise and, 59-61, 194-195

main elements of, 48

major steps of, 190-198

memory training and, 62-74, 195-196

mild memory loss and, 49

prevention as a strategy for, 46-47

principles of, 45-46

starting, 43-74

tips on, 210

vitamins and, 56-58, 196-198 memory training age and, 73

checklist of methods for, 73-74 education and, 53-54 eliminating junk and, 72-73 "idea density" and, 64-65 learning and, 62-63

Memory Program and, 45, 48, 62-74, 195-196

memory helpers and, 71-72

methods for, 196

mnemonics in, 67-69

names of people and, 69

organization and, 70-71

planning and, 71

rate of learning in, 70

techniques for, 65-67

titles of movies, books, and authors and, 69-70 mercury, 107

mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 12 mild memory loss aging process and, 80-81 denial of, 4

donepezil (Aricept) for, 159, 166 early Alzheimer's disease and, 3-4, 90, 129 example of toxicity in, 77-80 forgetting names and, 12-13 gradual development of, 1-2 identifying reversible causes of, 81, 191-193 Memory Program and, 49, 190 percentage of people experiencing, 6 tests for checking, 22 tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon and, 13 Mini Mental State (MMS) Examination, 19-21 ministrokes, 2, 78, 84, 122-123, 193 mnemonics memory training using, 67-69 questionnaire on use of, 17-18 mood, and exercise, 60-61 motivation, and memory improvement, 66-67

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), 2, 3, 25-27, 38, 78, 96, 126, 127-128, 157, 175 multivitamins, 58, 59, 116-117, 194 myxedema madness, 113-114

names forgetting, 12-13 memory training for, 69-70 naps, 86

narcotic addiction, 101

natural therapies, 137. See also alternative remedies nerve cells, 31, 159

loss of, and memory loss, 29, 34-35 stimulating growth of, 218-219 nerve growth factor, 61 N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA), 221 neurological toxicity. See medication toxicity neurologists, and memory loss evaluation, 15 neuropsychological testing, 24-25, 78, 95, 127, 175 neuropsychologists, and memory loss evaluation, 15, 96 neurotrophic factor, 61 niacin deficiency, 115-116 nicotine, 167

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), 182, 183, 185 nootropics, 172-173 nutrition. See also diet; vitamins deficiencies in, 115-117

objective memory tests, 19-21

organic solvents, 107

organization, in memory training, 70-71

osteoporosis, 47

oxiracetam, 172-173

oxycodone, 101

oxygen, and free radicals, 36, 84, 151

parahippocampus, 40, 41 peptide therapy, 213 Percocet, 101 Percodan, 101

PET (positron-emission tomography), 25-27, 126, 127-128

phosphatidylserine (PS), 168-170, 198-199, 202, 203

photographic technique, 68-69

physostigmine, 163

piracetam, 172-173

pituitary gland, 110

plaques in Alzheimer's disease, 39, 214, 220 exercise and formation of, 60 in stroke, 118, 121 planning, and memory training, 71 pluripotent nerve cells, 219 practice effect, 135-136 pramiracetam, 172-173 prednisone, 104 Premarin, 179, 198

prescription medications. See medications prescription narcotics, 101

prevention of memory loss. See memory loss prevention; memory training primary care physicians, 14-15

prions, 108

proanthocynadin, 155

progesterone, 179

programmed death of cells, 34-35

protein, dietary, 52

Prozac, 91, 92-93

psychiatrists, and memory loss evaluation, 15 psychosis, amphetamine-induced, 101 psychotherapy, for depression, 93

questionnaire, subjective memory, 16-18

Reminyl, 166, 206, 209

resistance weight training, 59

reversible memory loss, 48-49, 77-81, 191-193

rheumatoid arthritis, 183

rivastigmine (Exelon), 166

rofecoxib (Vioxx), 184-185, 201

S-adenosyl methionine (SAM-E), 93 St. John's wort, 93 SAM-E, 93

saturated fats, 53, 193, 194

scopolamine, 159

Selective Reminding Test, 23, 157

selegiline (Deprenyl) with, 153-154, 198, 200-201, 203

selenium, 58, 213-214

senility, 38-39

sertraline, 88, 89, 92

severe memory loss, 190

functional changes associated with, 14 signs of, 14

tests for checking, 22-23 short-term memory, 30, 31, 96-97 sleep problems, 86-87, 148 smart drugs, 172-173 smell, in Alzheimer's disease, 127

SPECT (single photon emission computerized tomography), 2, 3, 25-27, 126, 127-128 speed (amphetamines), 99-101 steroids, 104, 182, 183 stress brain and, 84 depression and, 90 insomnia and, 86-87 memory and, 82-84, 192 reducing, 84-85 social isolation and, 85-86 stroke and, 84, 119 social isolation, 85-86 steroids, 124

strokes, 2, 38, 39, 118-124 medications for preventing, 123-124 risk factors for, 118-119 stress and, 84 subjective memory questionnaire, 16-18 supplements, 48, 194, 196-198. See also vitamins tacrine (Cognex), 164-165, 177 temporal lobes, 29, 31, 109 tests for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, 126-129 to check memory, 16-25

tetrahydroaminoacridine (THA), 164-165 thiamine deficiency, 96, 115 thrombus formation, 121-122 thyroid deficiency, 113-114, 192 thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), 110 thyrotoxicosis, 114 tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon, 13 titles, memory training for, 69 tolerance, and alcohol use, 98 toxicity. See medication toxicity trace metals, 58-59, 213-216 transient ischemic attack (TIA), 119-121 transplantation of cells, 219-220 Tylenol, 182 Tylenol 3, 79-80, 101

Unani, 143, 144

Valium, 104 vascular dementia, 130 vasopressin, 213 vegetarianism, 116 Vioxx, 184-185, 201 viral infections, 108 visual imagery, 68-69

Visual Reproduction subtest, Wechsler Memory Scale, 23 vitamin A, 56-57, 154, 156, 194, 198, 199-200, 202, 203 vitamin B complex, 56 vitamin B1 deficiency, 96, 115 vitamin B12 deficiency, 116, 193

vitamin C, 56, 57, 58, 154-155, 156, 194, 198, 199-200, 202, 203 vitamin D, 56

vitamin E, 2, 56, 57-58, 124, 130, 150-152, 194 memory loss and, 151-152, 156, 198, 202, 203 selegiline (Deprenyl) with, 153-154 vitamin K, 56

vitamins. See also specific vitamins Memory Program and, 45, 56-58

Wechsler Memory Scale, 23 weight training, 59 wheat juice, 155 withdrawal, and alcohol use, 98

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