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Memory Professor System

Memory Professor system is a program that uses natural techniques which have gone through a trial, testing and proven to work efficiently and help you gain a strong memory power of about 500% within 30 days only. The program is also offering a guarantee of full money refund within 60-days of purchase which means that this program is secure and has zero risks associated with it hence making it an excellent investment to try. Kit Stevenson is offering a discount to the first 100 people who will purchase this product, and on top of that, he is offering six special bonuses to all the members who buy the memory professor program. There are many benefits associated with this program some of them being, gaining self-esteem, enhancing getting better grades, improving business and personal relationships, enhancing your brain power and finally helping you be in a position to make sound and beneficial business deals. With all these benefits, I highly recommend memory professor system program to everyone who has not yet tried because it is a risk-free method. Hurry up and grab your space while the discounts last. Continue reading...

Memory Professor System Summary

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Memory Professor System Review

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Put Together Your Memory Program

If your memory is sound and you have excellent general health habits, you might justifiably ask why you need to even bother about age-related memory loss. My answer is quite simple if you are willing to suffer a gradual dwindling in your memory starting in your forties and fifties, and continuing into your sixties and seventies, then you should not waste any of your time or energy worrying about it. But you probably belong to the majority of people who look forward to their golden years with hope and a positive attitude. You want to function at your peak physical and mental capacity for the longest possible period of time, so that your later years will truly be golden. If you belong to this group, now is the right time to begin taking steps to prevent age-related memory loss. Grandma Still Has a Great Memory 3. Medications to improve your memory. These include a variety of promemory medications alternative, over-the-counter, and prescription. Some of them are useful in preventing or...

Memorizing An Opening Exchanoe

It won't come as a surprise to learn that if you want to memorize a series of moves, you should use a simple journey. Each move, represented by a person, is assigned to a different stage. For example, if White opens by moving a Pawn to b4, you imagine the weatherman Bernard Davey (b B 4 D BD Bernard Davey) pointing at a weather map at the first stage of your journey. It follows that if you want to remember the opening six moves (i.e. six white moves, six black moves), you need a journey with twelve stages. Try memorizing these typical opening shots This is how I memorize some of them

Understanding how your memory works

What is actually going on in your mind when you are using your memory is, not surprisingly, extremely complex. Rather than focusing on any one single area, scientists increasingly think that a number of different ones are involved, often almost simultaneously, depending on the particular kind of experience. It seems likely that To understand your memory, it may be helpful to have a much clearer idea of how many different activities are encompassed by this extraordinary capability. I started this section by distinguishing between laying down a memory and recalling it when needed, but there are many other ways of looking at memory that may also help you to be clearer about what you mean.

1 Is Your Memory Perfect

This statement is made despite the following counterarguments Your memory does decline with age, but only if it is not used. Conversely, if it is used, it will continue to improve throughout your lifetime. Your memory is the music. psychologists then mixed 100 photographs with the original 1000, and asked the people to select those they had not seen the first time through. Everyone, regardless of how he described his normal memory, was able to identify almost every photograph he had seen - as well as each one that he had not seen previously. They were not necessarily able to remember the order in which the photographs had been presented, but they could definitely remember the image - an example that confirms the common human experience of being better able to remember a face than the name attached to it. This particular problem is easily dealt with by applying the Memory Techniques. 10 The Memory Techniques The Memory Techniques, or mnemonics, were a system...

Exercise Is Important for Your Memory

Exercising the brain can take many forms. It is essential to keep your mind curious, occupied, and creative. Maintaining an active social life as you grow older is crucial, because it is through interaction with other people that your intellect stays sharp. Be mentally active, and cultivate your memory skills to avoid losing them. Several simple strategies, summarized in the table below, can be used to maintain and even boost your memory skills (see more details in chapter 6). Regularity and consistency are necessary for these techniques to have any long-term impact.

Exercise 72 Memorizing Sayings

Actors learn to memorize long lines and passages. Have you ever heard proverbs and sayings that you liked, but never bothered to commit them to your memory Like new vocabulary words, to incorporate a new saying to your repertory of picturesque speech, it really doesn't take that much time or trouble at all. To illustrate a point or to make a subject entertaining, anecdotal material is often helpful whether it is of your own creation or from others. To get in the frame of mind to memorize sayings, it can help to create some for yourself first to prime the mental pump so to speak. Think for 60 seconds and contrive 2 sayings of your own originality, and write them down. For example Now memorize the following 3 sayings and their authors in the next 5 minutes and show yourself how simple it is. When you do this, give your recitations of the passages a singing intonation to throw the information to the right brain. For most right-handed people, it can also improve your auditory recall and...

Techniques to Improve Your Memory

Pay attention to what needs to be learned or remembered. This seems obvious, but it's easy to lose track and forget things when you are pulled in many directions by personal or career demands. Reducing stress, and making a strong effort to maintain your concentration whenever necessary, are essential to improving your memory.

How To Memorize Thirtyfive Decks

I was once given the task of memorizing the order of six separate packs of cards on a live TV show in Switzerland. Just before going on air, I mm made the fatal mistake of asking how many people would be watching. 'Oh, about 40 million,' said the producer nonchalantly, unaware of the terror he was instilling in me. T he programme was broadcast right across Europe. I was given my cue and duly stepped out onto the set and into the homes of 40 million Europeans. It really was quite a lot of people. I started to memorize the decks. Everything went like clockwork until the host asked me to name the 42nd card in each pack. I couldn't stop thinking about the size of the audience. I was allowed one error throughout the whole ordeal, providing I corrected it immediately. There was prize money to be won ( 3,500), but I was more concerned about not fluffing. After an agonizing pause as I frantically re-grouped my thoughts, I spotted what was going wrong and called out the correct answer, much to...

Exercise 91 Improving Your Memory For Odors

Much of memory concerns state-related associations. In one experiment, students memorized a given set of words in the presence of a certain odor. When the students were given the same set of words the next day in the presence of the same odor, they showed much better recall than a control group learning the same words and exposed to no odor on either day. With people who have vivid visualization abilities, just imagining an odor while learning something can work equally as well. During the day every time you smell an unfamiliar odor, find out what it was and commit it to your memory storehouse. Correct identifications of smells and odors make you more aware of your surroundings, and all connective brain pathways established in your memory make other areas more accessible and easily usable. The more you recognize available information in this world, the more adequate and versatile you become. In emergency situations, many people suffer needless injury or die simply because of lack of...

Exercise 83 Rhythmic Memorizing

It is believed that singing songs in the Greek and Roman times constituted the reiteration of a passage or a tale with perhaps only a slight intonation to the voice. Before Homer's day, memorizers called bards passed along the tales of the Trojan war and other stories of the Bronze Age for hundreds of years only to have them eventually transcribed and recorded by Homer for posterity. Songs and long poems were related by bards in total completeness by memory alone, and it is not unlikely that such bardic memorizing involved some form of intonation to the voice. as a 'sleep-learning' tape (see Exercise -- Sleep-Learning) produces good results. Repeat each bit of information 3 times in the 4-second speak, 4-second pause tempo as described above. If the intonation of the taped voice is varied from soft, to commanding, to normal each time or even sung intermittently, the right brain 'attends' to the material more easily. If the voice is from a member of the opposite sex, the memorizing...

Your Memory Pegs

Once you have committed your 20 objects to memory reinforce them until they are etched in your long term memory bank. Once this has been done you can use them whenever you like. This memorization should be similar to other mental frameworks you have developed such as, the multiplication table or the alphabet. Whenever you want to use your personal memory peg, just look into your long term memory and collect the information you need. Now it's time to learn how to use your imagination to associate other items with your memory peg objects. You'll be amazed how much fun it is to remember 20 new items in the order they are listed. A sample list is provided on the next page. By associating each item to your memory peg object, you should learn how to remember all items on the list. Once you see how it's done using the list provided, you'll be able to associate any similar list to your personal memory pegs.

Memorizing The Pack

There must be no sounds, no people Guildford, for example, becomes a ghost town. This will ensure that any previous characters or items you might have memorized are wiped out. You are erasing the video tape in anticipation of new information. Your brain is bound to feel a bit sdff to begin with, but you should aim to do each card in fifteen to twenty seconds. I have been working out every day for the last four years. Remember to use as many of your senses as you can. Take your time if it is all proving too difficult. Loosen up with some stretching exercises flex your memory touch the toes of your imagination with a few fantasies.

How To Remember Numbers

Okay, so we don't all live our lives like Mr Bean. And these days, most of us carry around pens, filofaxes, even personal organizers. But there will always be occasions when we are caught out and need to memorize numbers. In the following chapters, I will explain how to remember numbers (up to ten digits) and, in particular, telephone numbers. This new language is at the heart of what I have christened the DOMINIC SYSTEM. (If you like acronyms, I have managed to work one out for D.O.M.I.N.I.e. Decipherment Of Mnemonically Interpreted Numbers Into Characters ) I originally designed it for competitions. Used properly, it eats numbers for breakfast. I can memorize 100 digits in a 100 seconds. Telephone numbers are small fry by comparison. (I explain how to crunch 100-digit monsters in Chapter 22.) If a telegraph pole is your symbol for 1, imagine Yeltsin shinning up it to mend the wires. (Telecommunications aren't all they could be in the former Soviet Union.) Picture John Major feeding...

Declarative And Reflexive Memory

A simple journey can radically improve the efficiency of your declarative memory. It gives you the best possible start if you are learning to play golf or rebuilding an aspect of your game. Nothing demonstrates this better than the golf swing, the bane of so many golfers' lives. Instructors are always encouraging players to tick off a mental checklist of dos and don'ts before each swing easier said than done in the heat of a game. Using a journey, however, you can memorize a whole series of detailed instructions, effortlessly running through them whenever you want.

The History Of Memory Systems

Thomas Acquinas, a patron saint, was instrumental in making the art of trained memory a devotional and ethical art. During the Middle Ages, monks and philosophers were virtually the only people who applied trained memory techniques. Philosophers in the 17th Century taught memory systems. Francis Bacon has one in his book, The Advancement of Learning. Some scholars insist that Leibniz invented calculus while searching for a memory system that would aid in memorizing numbers. This section of MEMORY SKILLS IN BUSINESS will cover the major memory systems and or techniques as well as items contributing to memory. Following is a list of items covered in Part II

How To Win Always At Trivial Pursuit

As part of my recent promotional work, I was asked to memorize two editions of Trivial Pursuit - the Annual Edition and Genus III. There were m 7,500 questions in total, on Geography, Entertainment, History, Art and Literature, Science and Nature, Sport and Leisure. If you have read Section 2 (History and Geography), it won't come as a surprise to learn that I memorized the answers using instant association and location. Not everyone, I admit, might be taken by the idea of memorizing thousands of Trivial Pursuit cards, but the exercise is a good way of practising the techniques you have already learnt. For players of the game, particularly those who are fed up with always being beaten at Christmas, it is a sure-fire way of never having to lose again. The task is not as daunting as it sounds. It took me only one read through to commit the answers to memory. Setting aside an hour and a half each day, I learnt them at the leisurely pace of three per minute. After a month, I had memorized...

Learning The Twentieth Century Calendar

The guest list bears an uncanny resemblance to the people you memorized for the dominic system. This time, however, the characters represent years, from 1900 to 1999. Take Benny Hill, for example (or your equivalent character suggested by BH). Using the dominic system, he represents 1928 (2 B 8 H). Or Betty Boothroyd, the Speaker of the House of Commons. She represents 1922 (2 B 2 B).

How To Remember More Thaw Owe Pack Of Carps

This is not as daunting as it might sound. For each new pack, I plan a new journey. When I memorized 35 packs of cards, I had previously mapped out 35 different routes. I don't expect many people to attempt 35 packs. You have to be slightly unhinged to put yourself through that particular agony. (It took me thirteen hours.) But if you do want to move on to multiple packs, there arc one or two tips and pitfalls to look out for. In the event, there were 44 doubles (a jack of spades followed by another jack of spades) and one treble (9 of clubs, 9 of clubs, 9 of clubs). Some memory experts have complained of confusion when memorizing more than one pack, and I suspect this is because they are not using the journey method. The number of packs you can remember is restricted only by the number of journeys you can devise. You will be surprised at just how much information your memory can store and recall.

Complex Binary Images

Consequently, if you want to remember 011100111111, you just have to memorize the complex image for 2533 Brian Epstein flexing a cane. (25 BE Brian Epstein 33 CC Charlie Chaplin, whose action is flexing a cane). Take another example. How would you set about memorizing 011011100111 It looks a fairly horrendous task until you start to break it down Once you have familiarized yourself with the above (the recurring patterns make it easier than it looks), try memorizing a 60-digit binary number. Daunting though it may sound, you only need to remember five complex images, each one representing 12 digits. Choose a simple journey with five stages, and place each image at the corresponding stage. For example, this is how I would memorize If, in due course, a record is set for memorizing the most number of randomly generated binary digits, I predict that it will be in the region of 150,000. Using my system, three binary digits are being represented by one base-10 digit if I manage to memorize...

New Method For Learning Languages

The method I am about to show you is so effective and simple that I would expect you to learn a new language in a matter of days and weeks rather than months and years. Foreign words can be learnt and memorized after just one reading at an accelerated rate of approximately 50 to 150 words per hour. This means that a basic vocabulary of 2,000 words could be learnt after just twenty hours' study. My personal best, using this method, is 320 new German words in an hour (after one sighting of each word). In the 1991 MEMORIAD, I won the the language event by memorizing the most number of Chinese words in fifteen minutes. Not bad for a dyslexic slow learner If ever a subject was tailor-made for my approach to memory then learning languages is it. When you learnt how to memorize a list, you used location in the form of a simple journey. You used location again to remember names

How To Win At Blackjack

Soon after I had learnt how to memorize playing cards, it occurred to me that there must be a way of cashing in on my new found ability. Blackjack m seemed like a natural target. It involved skill (unlike roulette or dice, which are based on pure chance), and I was already familiar with the game. I also felt there was a score to be settled I had lost many more times than I had ever won I had always thought that beating the bank was a romantic but ill-con-ceived notion - the stuff of fiction and a sure-fire way of losing even more money. It might be possible in a Graham Greene novel, but never in real life. Memorizing thirty-five decks of cards put a different complexion on things.

The Jonathan Ross Show

I have had to remember some daft things in my time. I was once asked by Jonathan Ross to memorize the first word on every page of Jilly Cooper's novel Polo for his TV show. The paperback version consists of no less than 766 pages. I set about this unusual task by planning eight journeys, each with fifty stages. I would need 383 stages in total if I placed two words on each one. To make the words more memorable, I gave them symbols, usually people 'and' became 'Andrew', 'the' became 'Thea', 'you' became 'ewe'. I received the book the day before the show was televised. By mid-afternoon, I had memorized all 766 words. Just before the show, copies of the book were handed out to 150 members of the studio audience. Each person was given a set page number. If they were chosen, they could call out their number and personally verify that I had memorized the right word. Thankfully, my sceptic shut up after that, and I could continue to demonstrate my memory skills in front of a trusting...

How To Remember Lists

A list of ten items, whatever they are, should not present a challenge to our memory, and yet it does. Take a simple shopping list, for example. Try m memorizing the following, without writing any of it down, within one minute. Frustrating, isn't it Your memory has no problem at all recalling these everyday, mundane experiences (ironically, the forgettable things in life) and yet it can't recall a simple shopping list when required. If you were to take this If, like me, you found the first exercise a little depressing, revealing more about the ordinariness of your life than about your memory, you should enjoy this experiment. Try to imagine a day. Exaggerate and distort your normal routine Your dream day might be quite different from mine, of course. But if you were to put this book down and I were to ask you in an hour's time to recall the fruits of your wild imagination, you should be able to remember everything you dreamt up. Imagined events are almost as easy to recall as real...

Substitution Exercise

By applying rote memory techniques, it would take most people fifteen to thirty minutes to remember the names of the eleven principles. However, by using a substitution mnemonic device, this time can be cut in half. Each general principle is listed below with space next to it for you to either draw a picture of an object (or person), or write the word of the object. The first principal has been completed for you to better demonstrate how substitution works.

9 Background Of Experience

It is important to have background experience or knowledge to help form associations. It can be difficult to understand anything that stands alone. Isolated events have limited meaning. One way to improve your memory about a subject is to learn more about the background of that subject. For example, the limited background you have received thus far from reading this book has improved your knowledge about how the memory works and your ability to form associations.

Ten Rules For Success

To improve your memory ability apply the following ten rules. If it helps, take this page of the book to your desk (or refrigerator) any place you can review it often. 7. Practice using your memory pegs. At first review them at least three times a day. Practice by associating 20 new objects on a regular basis and review your progress. 10. Practice your memory exercises. Share them with family or friends. Make a game of memory improvement. You'll be delighted by the results.

How To Use A Journey To Remember Pates

Whenever you are choosing a journey to learn information, try to ensure that it has some physical relevance to what you are memorizing. Not everyone knows the layout of Hastings, but there are many ways in which to incorporate the theme of war. Begin at a gun shop in the high street, or a local castle. The Dominic system can be used to memorize additional information. In this case, I also want to remember that the Civil War ended in 1645. I imagine Duke Ellington (D 4 E 5) playing the piano in the corner, oblivious to the scenes going on all around him.

Heaps I Win Tails You Lose

I once bet a friend of mine that I could memorize the result of any number of coin flips as fast as he could spin the coin. He accepted the bet, think-m ing that he was on to a winner. A separate referee recorded the results if it was tails, he wrote down 1, if it was heads, he wrote down 0. I have to admit that there aren't many practical applications for memorizing 300 flips of a coin, other than taking money off gullible friends. But the ability to memorize binary numbers, which is how I knew whether the coin was heads or tails, opens up a whole range of possibilities.

The Importance Of Trust

One of the secrets of remembering cards at speed is trust. You are bound to ask yourself how quickly you can move on to the next stage. But how do you know when a person has sunk in No light flashes, no bell rings. To be honest, you are never going to know for certain when something is secure in your memory you have just got to go on trust.

Tricks You Caw Now Do

I mention this particular occasion to give you an example of the sort of tricks you can do, once you have learnt how to memorize a pack of cards in order. With a little concentration, you should be able to recite the cards backwards as well as forwards. You simply move along your journey in reverse order.

Using Random Locations To Remember Dates

A journey is not always the best way to remember dates. Faced with a long sequence of events or people, you will be hard pressed to find a more efficient method. However, there are occasions when we want to memorize individual instances in time, one-offs. The best way to remember these is by using random locations, as opposed to the ordered sequence of a journey. If you were asked to memorize all of them in order, you would use a journey. For now, imagine that you are given one or two of these to learn during the course of a lesson, or a guided tour. This is how to remember them

Memory And Job Interviews

Before I became a full-time Memory Man, I once applied for a job at an airport. Sensing that I had to pull something special out of the hat if I was h to get it, I decided to swot up on some background information. 1 memorized every piece of data I could find about the company, and I also learnt all I could about each airline that operated out of the airport.

Using A Journey To Remember Groups Of Countries

If you want to memorize information about other groups of countries, Africa for example, or the ever-burgeoning number of independent republics in the former Soviet Union, use more journeys. Alternatively, you can use an image of a department store. Assign each country a key image and then allocate them to a floor. Depending 011 the number of countries you want to remember, your department store could have a basement, ground floor, first, second, and third floors, each one covering two or three countries.

How To Stori Extra Information

To memorize this extra detail, I imagine Charles Atlas (who is waiting for his supper, courtesy of Bob, my agent) beating on the goalposts crying, 'Order ' There is no real limit to the amount of facts that you can store. Enthusiasts memorize the entire line-up of each team, including subsdtutes, the goalscor-ers, the minute in which they scored, and no doubt the names of the referee's two children. If the will is there, it's perfectly possible. You just have to expand the geographical layout of your journey. I have printed out below every FA Cup result since 1872, broken down into Year (stage), Winner (person), Loser (action), Score (person) to make it easier to memorize.

Chess And The Memoriap

One of the events at the first World Memory Championships (Memoriad) in October 1991 was to memorize as many moves as possible from a game of chess. Moves had to be remembered in sequence. We were each given five minutes to study the game and no mistakes were permitted. The moves, were listed on a piece of paper and had to be remembered in sequence. I managed to recall the first 11 moves. In chess, one move includes the repositioning of a white piece and a black piece. In effect, I had memorized the first 23 individual moves (12 white, 11 black) without error. This was sufficient to win the event and helped rne to win the overall championship. I appreciated these objections, but I also knew that neither myself nor Jonathan Hancock, who came second, had been thinking of anything to do with chess as we memorized move after move. We had both been lost in our own mnemonic worlds, utterly divorced from the board and its pieces. While I was travelling around a casde in Ireland, Jonathan...

The Two Hemispheres Together

The next key function of memory training (that uses visualization) is the process of association. Association and imaging interact continuously. This occurs because whatever appears in the mind must be introduced, and associated with something already there. Your memory depends on an organized system of association, Answering these questions will help you form a complete picture of the item and help you remember it. You will learn what there is to know about the situation, and then may accept or reject it. You'll find that when issues are supported by answers to these key questions, they will stay in your memory,

Harry Lorayne

Harry Lorayne is one of the great memory men of the twentieth century - a fine performer, actor and lecturer. Hundreds of companies, including the likes of IBM, US Steel and General Electric, have hired him to conduct seminars on mind power and memory training. And he has appeared on just about every American TV show, including Johnny Carson's The Tonight Show, Good Morning America, and The Today Show. 'We relied on your memory systems for sanity. We applied them and learned literally thousands of foreign words, poems, speeches, mathematics, electronics, classical music, philosophy, the list is endless. Just wanted to tell you how much your systems meant to all of us in captivity.'

Further Evidence

Account of the Greek's use of imagery. The famous anecdote about Simonides and the banquet suggests that he was equally adept at memorizing people as he was places, or loci. There is also an extant fragment of Greek text (Dialexis, 400 BC) which implies that the Greeks thought of the gods Mars or Achilles to remember courage, and Vulcan to remember metal working.

Golf Lessons

In Chapter 2, you learnt how to memorize a list of ten items of shopping using images and a simple journey around your house. Treat this checklist in exactly the same way, except that I suggest you choose a route around your clubhouse. Allocate a different point to each stage the car park covers your grip, for example the changing room covers your club-face the driving range covers ball position the video booth covers stance and so on.

PETER Of Ravenna

And the thirteenth-century Scholastics had given it, and set about introducing mnemonics to the lay masses. He encouraged people to look out for suitable journeys on their holidays and recommended the use of sexual images. The practical handbook was publicized by his own memory feats he memorized 20,000 legal points, 200 speeches of Cicero, and the entire canon law. (Give me Trivial Pursuit any day.)

Actions

The action should also be as versatile as possible. Later on, when you are memorizing longer numbers, actions and persons are going to fit together like pieces of a jigsaw. It's possible to imagine Barry Norman driving a bus, for example the bus driver can operate a film projector an image of him could even be projected. If the person does not have an obvious action peculiar to him or her, you must discard that person. The importance of actions will become apparent later. Suffice it to say, they make life very easy when you arc memorizing more than two digits - telephone numbers, for example. Once you have memorized the cast, you have finished the hardest part of this book. They are the key to remembering telephone numbers, credit cards, addresses, any number you want. They even hold the key to memorizing the entire twentieth-century calendar. HOW TO MEMORIZE TWO-DIGIT NUMBERS Let's assume that you want to memorize the number of somebody's house. A friend of yours lives at number 74,...

Easy As Pi

In the near future, I plan to set a new world record by memorizing the first 50,000 decimal places of pi. Pi (symbol n) denotes the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. It is a very strange, almost transcendental number it cannot be expressed as an exact fraction and there are no continuously recurring digits (unlike 10 divided by 3, which equals 3.3333333 etc.). Choose a journey with 25 stages. Even though you are faced with a 100-digit number, you are only going to memorize 25 complex images, each one placed at a different stage. Choose somewhere familiar for your journey and keep it solely for memorizing long numbers. I start my route at a patisserie, as good a place as any when you are remembering pi(e) In this case, 14 becomes Arthur Daley (14 AD), and 15 is the action of writing on a blackboard (15 AE Albert Einstein, whose action is writing on a blackboard). Your complex image, therefore, is the sight of Arthur Daley scrawling complicated formulae on a blackboard....

Musical Instruments

Associating one thought to another is the basis of the Link System. A basic rule in remembering a new piece of information is that it must be associated to something you already know, or to remember it in some ridiculous way. Doing it forces an original awareness that is necessary to remember anything. Whenever you concentrate, or use imagination, you will be forced to consciously form associations which will aid your memory. Assume you want to memorize the following ten items in sequence airplane, tree, envelope, earring, bucket, sing, basketball, salami, star, nose. First you need to picture an airplane in your mind. Next, link the tree and airplane together in a ridiculous way such as an airplane growing on a tree. What you've just done is associate two things in a ridiculous way. Memory pegs will provide you with a system that can be used in a wide variety of situations. Instead of being stuck with a non-controlled association process. You can adapt the system you build. A memory...

Telephone Numbers

Location is, as ever, essential when remembering phone numbers. It is no good memorizing the number in isolation. It belongs to someone and we must connect the above image to that person. In most cases, the simplest way of doing this is by setting the scene at the house or office of the person whose number we are trying to recall. I remember the number of the person who delivers our logs, for example, by setting the corresponding scene outside his house.

Sounds Similar

The ram's testicles arc a more unusual aspect of the image. Frances Yates, in her discussion on the subject, suggests that the Latin word for testicle (testicu-lus) would have reminded the lawyer of the word for witnesses (testes). In another part of Ad Herrenium, she points out, the author gives an example of an image ('Domitius raising his hands to heaven while he is lashed by the Marcii Reges') that is designed to remind the student of rhetoric of a particular sentence ('domum itionem reges). The only obvious connection is in the sound of the words. I subscribe to this interpretation. When I am memorizing someone's name, for example, I often use images that include something that sounds similar to the person's name.

Images

The Greeks had two types of images one for memorizing things, arguments, or notions and one for remembering single words. Each image would be placed at a different locus. As he was reciting his poetry, Simonides would have moved around his mental journey, recalling each image as he went. Lawyers would remind themselves of the details of a case in this way orators would know their next subject or topic. (Interestingly, the English word 'topic' comes from the Greek topoi, which means place or locus.)

Revision

If you want to memorize Trivial Pursuit, the Annual Edition is a good place to start. It has 1,500 questions. As I said earlier, you should aim to memorize them at a rate of three a minute. You may find it takes you considerably longer to begin with, but the process will speed up. In order for the information to be stored on a long term-basis, you must revise regularly.

Reviewing

What is the 16th decimal place to pi The first thing you did when you memorized pi was to divide up the 100 digits into 25 complex images, and locate each one at a separate stage. It follows that if you want to know which stage contains the 16th decimal point, you must divide 16 by 4.

Giordano Bruno

Bruno joined the Dominican order when he was fifteen, and familiarized himself with the classical art of memory, through the works of Thomas Aquinas. He soon became widely known for his memory skills and performed in front of the pope, among others, before quitting the order.

Professor A C Aitkew

Aitken was a professor of mathematics at the University of Edinburgh. He was one of those people who could make lightning-fast, complex mathematical calculations in his head. Although he was first and foremost a mathematician, his unusual memory skills deserve a mention. He once memorized the first 1,000 digits of pi and said it was like 'learning a Bach fugue'. It would appear that he arranged the digits in rows of fifty, each row comprising ten groups of five numbers. He would then read through them, adopting a certain rhythm.

The Role Of Memory

It is not very easy to adopt my strategy without a trained memory. On a simple level, your overall concentration and powers of observation are so much sharper if you have worked on improving your memory. They need to be I am often sitting at the table for five or six hours without a break. And in today's casinos, you are being scrutinized from every possible angle. I have quite often found myself playing with three security cameras trained on my table, a croupier watching my every move and an inspector looking over my shoulder

To The Reader

How often have you wished that you were better able to remember details or experiences and then apply these memories to the task at hand When you are able to recall pertinent knowledge to solve a problem, come up with a new idea or answer a complex question, you are skillfully applying your memory. Our mind is a vast reservoir of integrated holigraphic systems composed of over 10 billion nerve cells. Scientists have scarcely tapped the surface of understanding how the human mind works. Although much has been learned, the nature of how memory functions still has many mysteries. Despite how little is really known, understanding how memory works and developing proven memory techniques will provide numerous personal and professional benefits. During the past fifteen years, thousands of people have improved their memories in a one-day memory improvement seminar which I conduct. Topics covered in this seminar are the basis of this book. Your memory will become increasingly trained if you...

Etem

To improve your memory, it is critical that you develop your ability to observe. Most often we neglect to practice the habit of careful observation. When we don't keenly observe an event, our memory won't register it in such a way we can recall it later. If we are not in the habit of paying attention to detail much will escape us.

Memory Exercises

Doing them can be enjoyable so have fun The 5. Memorize some statistics that are of interest to you (i.e. the lifetime batting averages of some favorite ball players the height of the five tallest mountains in the world the distance to the nearest star, etc.) and for fun quote them to your friends. Memorize the names and phone numbers of ten important customers, clients or co-workers.

3 Attention

Fay attention to what you want to remember. Attending to one thing at a time will help you clarify the task or event. Inattention due to lack of interest or poor concentration will impede your memory. Often people have a problem with attention because of stress or tension. Stress causes your mind to wander and not focus on what you need to remember. This is not uncommon when a student is preparing for a final exam and is overwhelmed by the task.

Number Crunching

The same could be said about memorizing large numbers. Not many people have the inclination to commit to memory the first 40,000 decimal places of pi, the current world record. The very notion of absorbing so many digits is utterly incomprehensible. And yet, I believe we all have the potential to perform feats of this sort. This chapter is for those who want to learn how to crunch large numbers. It's also for those who cannot conceive how or why it's done and want to find out. I hope it removes some of the mystique, giving you an insight into what is, in fact, a very ordered and deceptively simple process. By the end of it, you will know how to memorize the first 100 digits of pi, and how to set about tackling bigger numbers.

The Method

When you are memorizing a large vocabulary, you need somewhere to store everything, a place where words can be accessed quickly and easily. There's nothing worse than having a head crammed full of information. It's not that there is too much (your brain can store far more information than most of us will ever need), it just isn't ordered properly or organized well.

1 Interest

It is much easier to remember things that are of interest. Interest helps you store and process information in such a way that you will remember it for a long time. This principle is extremely important. For instance, take a moment to think about something that you are genuinely interested in (i.e. sports, music, cars, gardening, another person, etc.). As you think about your interest, it will be easy to have a rush of information flooding your memory. You should be able to talk at length about your interest and remember items about it in great detail

The Journey

I am constantly devising new routes for myself (I had to use 35, each similar to the above, when I memorized 35 packs of cards) and I am surprised at how easy it is to remember every stage. But, then, the surroundings I choose are always familiar. Guildford, for example, is my home town. Once you are happy with the route, you arc in a position to memorize your first pack of cards.

The Breakthrough

After a couple of days, I could memorize my first pack of cards in 26 minutes, with eleven errors. It was an important landmark, despite being way off the record. From then on, nothing else mattered the next three months were an object lesson in accelerated learning. An evolution was taking place. All day, every day, late into the night, I dealt myself card after card, pack after pack. I noted down times to the nearest second, analysed errors, substituted symbols and altered journeys. After three months of intensive study, I felt I had a new brain my memory was in a respectable state, much like the body feels after regular exercise. Not only could I memorize one pack in less than three minutes, six packs shuffled together had become a doddle. In this chapter I will show you how easy it is to memorize a pack of cards. If you were diligent about learning the numbers in chapter 4, and are now carrying around a 100 people representing 00 to 99, you have already done over three quarters of...

Forming Your Images

There are four basic pieces of information to memorize when you are learning the FA Cup the year, the winner, the runner up, and the score. The year is taken care of by the stage (1903 is at the third stage) the other three pieces of information can be translated into a single complex image, the sort you formed when learning how to memorize numbers in Chapter 4. The process is very simple

My Love Of Carps

What I found most incredible was his evident ability to memorize the cards in sequence. He had the cards dealt out, one on top of the other, and looked at each card just once. I knew from this that he did not possess a photographic, or eidetic, memory. Baffled but intrigued, I retired to a quiet room, armed with a pack of cards, and pondered the seemingly imponderable. 1 was certain Carvcllo's secret lay in the sequence of cards. I had also heard something about using a story as an aide-memoire.

The Pi Chalienoi

When I begin to memorize the first 50,000 decimal places to pi, I intend to have 50 separate journeys, each with 50 stages. Every stage will incorporate 5 people and 5 actions, linked by a story. In other words I will be allocating 20 digits to each stage. 50 x 50 x 20 50,000. Unlikely as it may sound, I intend to memorize the number quickly and painlessly, absorbing 4-5,000 digits daily over a two-week period. I will then recall the number in front of invigilators, hopefully breaking the world record, and finally erase it 50,000 digits of pi is not the sort of information I want to carry around in my head long term. I expect Mr Tomoyori or someone else similarly minded will gradually edge up the record. I predict that the first 100,000 decimal places to pi will have been memorized by the end of this century. Perhaps you are the very person to do it The only problem I can foresee is finding invigilators who are suffi-ciendy patient and willing to sit through such an event

Other Benefits

One common symptom of people who don't know how to use their memories is the failure to recall dreams. It is nonsense to say that we don't dream. We all do, every night. It is the brain's way of filing away the thoughts it has had during the day. By exercising your memory regularly, you will begin to recall more and more dreams. (You might even have more wild and untamed dreams No promises, though.) Finally, you may wish to use the findings of your archaeological dig for one of your journeys. When I memorized thirty-five packs of cards, I needed thirty-five routes, many of them taken from my childhood.

Matteo Rjccj

Luria presented him with 70-digit matrices, complex scientific formulae, even poems in foreign languages, all of which he could memorize in a matter of minutes. He was even able to recall the information perfecdy fifteen years later. In S's case, he automatically translated the world around him into vivid mental images that lasted for years. He couldn't help but have a good memory. If he was asked to memorize a word, he would not only hear it, but he would also see a colour. On some occasions, he would also experience a taste in his mouth and a feeling on his skin. Later on, when he was asked to repeat the word, he had a number of triggers to remind him. He also used images to remember numbers Finally, a brief word about his use of random location. When he first became a mnemonist, and had to memorize a list of words, he would 'visit' a place that was associated with each word. He appeared to have no control over his mental movements, toing and froing everywhere.

Binary

I have developed a system for memorizing binary that is an offshoot of the DOMINIC SYSTEM, in that it translates boring digits (and let's face it, in binary The task of memorizing 300 flips of a coin is thus made very simple. All I had to do was remember 25 complex images in a leisurely ten minutes - far less of a struggle than trying to recall 300 individual bits of meaningless information. The efficiency of the system becomes even more apparent when you want to memorize a 12-digit binary number. Using the dominic system, an ordinary 4-digit, base-10 number translates into one complex image. To remember 2414, for example, you imagine weatherman Bernard Davey drinking a pint of Guinness (24 BD Bernard Davey 14 AG Alec Guinness, whose action is drinking a pint of Guinness).

Artificial Memory

Written by a teacher, Ad Herrenium is addressed to students of rhetoric and concerns itself with the basic rules of memory. In it we learn that the Greeks believed in two types of memory natural and artificial. Those who are born with good natural memories could improve them still further by training the artificial memory. More significantly, training and exercise could dramatically help anyone who is born with a very poor memory. In other words, however bad it was, your memory could be improved if treated like a muscle and exercised constantly.

2 Selection

By choosing the most significant points about an issue, there is no need to remember everything in detail. Select what you want to remember and it will be possible to recall it a month, a year, or even five years from now. Next time you're in a situation at work where you are overwhelmed by information, pay attention to this principle of selection

Hierarchical Organization of Memory

Long Term Memory Explicit And Implicit

FIGURE 2 Hierarchical organization of memory. Short- and long-term memory is subject to being learned by either conscious or unconscious processes. Similarly, memory can be recalled either consciously or unconsciously. Many forms of simple learning such as motor learning, simple associative conditioning, and non-associative learning can be learned and recalled unconsciously. More complex forms of learning typically involve conscious processes. Short-term working memory is listed as a separate category because it is essentially entirely conscious and not stored for more than a few seconds. FIGURE 2 Hierarchical organization of memory. Short- and long-term memory is subject to being learned by either conscious or unconscious processes. Similarly, memory can be recalled either consciously or unconsciously. Many forms of simple learning such as motor learning, simple associative conditioning, and non-associative learning can be learned and recalled unconsciously. More complex forms of...

How Your Brain Remembersand Forgets

Memory Modulation Human Brain

Implicit versus Explicit Memory Skills and habits come under implicit memory. Classical conditioning and other types of memory, which also fall into this implicit category, are related to simple reflex reactions, for example, jumping away when touching a hot object, that we execute automatically in our everyday lives. But when you think of memory, you probably think of something else altogether discrete events, like recalling someone's birthday or where you went on vacation a few years ago. This type of memory is called episodic or event-related or explicit memory. You have to make a conscious effort to retrieve the explicit memory of a fact or event, unlike the implicit memory of knowing how to drive a car. In this book, I generally use the word memory as it is commonly understood explicit memory of both short-term and long-term specific events. For explicit memory, there are three elements to the sequence of remembering Short-Term versus Long-Term Memory Explicit memory can be...

Exercise 126 Multi Tracking On A Trampoline

Research has shown that learning the alphabet on a trampoline was easier for a child when each letter was recited at the bottom of the bounce. Besides the rhythm (see Exercise -- Rhythmic Memorizing), the additional stimulation of a G-force on the memory cell was offered as an explanation. If you time your bounces to 60 per minute, it should enhance the effect.

Exercise 134 Back Forth Word Intermingling

Memorize your list as it looks on your paper and then remove it from view. Now without looking back at your list, begin writing the 1st letter of the 1st word, the 1st letter of the 2nd word, 1st of the 3rd word and then with the 4th, 5 th and 6th words -- the last letters. For instance, choosing the above words, the drill would begin like this MSOTTR. By holding a picture of your list in your mind's eye, continue writing in a similar fashion as in Exercise -- Multiple Word Intermingling. The line of letters on the above example would appear like this, if done correctly M S O T T R E T B E H E N R T K G T T I A R U N A V I A O E L E N M S C

Professional Memory Training

Many people need nothing more than this book to learn and implement behavioral strategies and techniques to enhance everyday memory. These methods are also taught by clinicians in memory training seminars and in individual sessions. Several different types of specialists are involved in teaching memory enhancement techniques, including psychologists, speech pathologists, and occupational therapists.

Understanding And Remembering

Pushing yourself in practice will get you to the skill level that will let you recognize, understand and remember everything you see. During your early learning steps, you won't be able to do any of these things. Concentrate on what you are seeing. Concentrate on understanding what you see, not what you have seen. Push ahead. You won't remember a great deal even though you seem to understand what you are seeing when you first see it. Don't try to retain anything consciously. Let your subconscious do the remembering. Don't question your learning ability. You are gaining the Rapid Reading skill step by step.

Exercise 185 Astral Projection Adventures

Perhaps you can visit a close friend or relative. If so, visualize the person in considerable detail. Visualize where he or she lives and precisely how to get there. Since astral travel is new to you, project yourself along the same route that you would normally take to get to their house. By doing this, you'll find that almost instantly you'll be there. Once there, you may even have a conversation with your friend, but since you are not conversing with his physical self, he probably will not remember it later. If he remembers anything, it may only seem like a wispy dream from his subconscious. If his level of awareness is higher, he might remember everything.

Exercise 80 Attention To Detail

Daily practice of 'flicking' on landscapes and cityscapes will marvelously improve your powers of observation. Flick first, then close your eyes and see everything in your mind's eye. Repeat the process until you see and remember everything, but make sure you have consciously projected your attention into the process as much as possible. To improve your memory for detail, do the following 15 second exercise. Sit in a quiet location and look around you for a single object - a bottle, a comb or a brush. Now for 15 seconds, study that object like you've never seen it before. Concentrate and focus all your attention on that object and its details. Then after 15 seconds, cover it up or put it out of sight. Now write down a description of exactly the details you saw - the shape, the size, the color, etc. When you're done, look at the object again and compare what you wrote with its true appearance. How close did you come To sharpen your memory awareness and attention to detail, put...

Which Cognitive Functions Are Most Vulnerable to Aging

Age-related changes in the brain are likely to affect your memory and related operations in different ways. These functions are prone to age-related difficulties Working memory. Your ability to hold and manipulate information in mind is reduced. Remembering a phone number and then dialing or comparing the price per ounce of two items are some examples.

Yes You Can Maintain a Positive Attitude

Although you can't choose your parents or your genetic heritage, many factors that affect your memory are within your direct control. Your nutritional habits, physical activity level, depth of social engagement, extent of involvement in lifelong learning, degree of vigilance regarding prevention and management of health problems these are among the many factors that shape your memory function, present and future. And you control each and every one of them. Don't dwell on the things you cannot control, and don't feel that you must make every change in your life all at once. Review the strategies outlined in this chapter, set realistic goals for yourself, and begin with one step . . . today.

Stop the Addicting Drug and See If Memory Improves

If you, or someone close to you, are not sure if alcohol or another substance is causing subtle memory loss, there is a simple way to find out stop taking the drug for two to three months and see if your memory improves. If it does, you have your answer, and staying off alcohol or the drug that you are using is the solution for your memory loss. But if you are unable to stop for even a few weeks, this proves that you are addicted and need to take specific steps, such as joining Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous or another addiction program, to help you get over your addiction.

The Physical Examination

Because a multitude of physical and psychological conditions can affect your memory, your physician will review your personal medical history. And because many relevant medical factors and disorders are heritable or tend to run in families, your checkup will include questions about your family medical history.

Moderate Alcohol Intake

Alcohol use can either harm or protect your memory, depending on how much you consume. There is no question that heavy drinking contributes to memory loss. Excessive alcohol consumption is toxic to neurons and is the leading risk factor for Kor-sakoff's syndrome, a disorder caused by thiamine deficiency and characterized by sudden and usually permanent memory loss. On the other hand, research suggests that moderate alcohol consumption (one or two drinks per day) may help prevent dementia. If you have been drinking heavily, discontinuing or sharply reducing your alcohol consumption can help prevent further memory loss and may permit the restoration of whatever loss you have already suffered. If you do not drink, I wouldn't recommend that you start to do so. Your memory won't suffer if you avoid alcohol, especially if you follow the other measures for maintaining optimal memory.

Keep Things in the Same Place

The trouble that many people have with finding their keys or purse or glasses can easily be avoided, especially at home, by being consistent about where they are placed. If you have to walk a few steps to return the keys or purse or glasses to their usual spot, the extra physical exertion is definitely worth it. Avoiding the mental aggravation that comes from trying to figure out where you might have misplaced an item is good for another reason it decreases stress, and that is definitely good for your memory.

Male Forty to Fiftynine Years Old Mild Memory Loss

Identifying a reversible cause of memory loss should be your top priority carefully go through the list in this chapter and read the earlier relevant chapters to see if you have a condition worsening your memory. If you think there might be such a cause, or you're not sure, consult your doctor.

1 New Places New Faces

At every turny traveling involves something novel for the senses. Spatial maps usedfor everyday navigation are suddenly unusable and new ones must be constructed. The stress you may feel taking in new sights, sounds, foods, and aforeign language is actually your brain moving into high gear An afternoon spent talking with the owner of a small shop in a new place may be more memorable (and better for your memory) than going to yet another must see sight.

Stage 4 Reorganize Information into One Master Recall Pattern

Detailed, smaller patterns that you've drafted. This way, you can prompt your memory about what idea or fact comes from what source. (Beth, for example, used a book by an author named Smith, so she made a couple of notations to Smith with appropriate page numbers.) In any case, be sure to save all your recall patterns and other notes so that you can use them as you work on your drafts of the paper.

Principle h At All Costs Avoid Cramming

This way, you will improve your memory of the material over the course of many weeks and months, to the point where you gain great familiarity and facility in evaluating and discussing it. Such an intimate understanding of school assignments is an important prerequisite to maximize one's success on tests. Seven, in the last day or so, concentrate mainly on reviewing your recall patterns. Your main objectives should be to fix the overall sweep of the course clearly in your mind, and also to check your memory of the major topics and subtopics. should be in a position to file through your memory and pick out the facts and concepts you need to respond to the test question. The best way to do this is to memorize the overall structure of the course, a structure which will be reflected on your recall patterns.

7 The Number Rhyme System

You will find the Number-Rhyme System especially easy to learn, since it is identical in principle to the Number-Shape System. Also, like the Number-Shape System, it can be used for remembering short lists of items that you need to store in your memory for only a brief time. In this system, as before, you use the numbers from 1 to 10, and instead of having Key Memory Images that resemble the shape of the number, you devise Key Memory Images represented by a word that rhymes with the sound of the number. For example, the Key Rhyming Memory Image Word that most people use for the number 5 is hive, the images that they use ranging from one enormous hive from which emanates a sky-covering swarm of monster bees to a microscopic hive with only one tiny bee.

Memory Systems For Languages

Consciously look for new words in the language. This directing of your attention, known as 'mental set', leaves the 'hooks' of your memory more open to catch new linguistic fish These are general learning aids to assist your memory in acquiring knowledge of a language. They may be applied to English, as a means for improving your present vocabulary, or to any foreign languages you are beginning to learn. Learning languages, both our own and those of other people's, need not be the frustrating and depressing experience it so often is. It is simply a matter of organising the information you have to learn in such a way as to enable your memory to 'hook on' to every available scrap of information

Other Anticoagulant Medications to Prevent Stroke

Stroke in its various forms is more common than Alzheimer's disease, and contributes to memory loss in a large number of people. While you may think that your memory loss is caused by the aging process, you may actually have been having ministrokes in the brain, and accurate diagnosis with prevention and treatment can stop this type of memory loss in its tracks.

Exercise 85 Using Sensory Learning Links

In the absence of actual physical stimuli, simply visualize tasting, smelling and touching various items while saying aloud the appropriate foreign word (review Exercise -- Imagining Your Senses). This visualization process will reinforce your memory process when you are unable to physically make the associations with your senses.

Jumping to Conclusions Hasty Generalization

What is the largest sample you can gather that makes sense, practically Will it be large enough so that you can reasonably make a generalization about it Reread the section on statistics in Lesson 10 to refresh your memory about the problems that can occur when taking a sample, and how those problems can be recognized and or avoided.

Neuropsychological Testing

The purpose of these tests is to determine if your memory and other cognitive abilities fall within normal limits or if the findings suggest a disorder such as depression, mild cognitive impairment, or Alzheimer's disease. But what's normal for you isn't necessarily normal for another person. The neuropsychologist will interpret and analyze the test results within the context of several important variables that influence memory and cognitive ability, such as your age, your estimated baseline intelligence, and your level of education. The distinction between normal and abnormal test performance may be different for a person with a high IQ and an extensive education than for a person with a lower IQ and fewer years of education. Memory. The most common type of memory test involves listening to or reading information and recalling it immediately afterward and then recalling it again ten to thirty minutes later. The information may consist of a list of words or a brief narrative story....

Test responses and further questions Test 1 responses

Fill in, as demonstrated in the examples offig 15pages 45 and46, the line which represents the way your memory recalls during a learning period. If review is organised properly, the graph shown in fig 19 can be changed to keep recall at the high point reached shortly after learning has been completed. In order to accomplish this, a programmed pattern of review must take place, each review being done at the time just before recall is about to drop. For example, the first review should take place about 10 minutes after a one-hour learning period and should itself take 10 minutes. This will keep the recall high for approximately one day, when the next review should take place, this time for a period of 2 to 4 minutes. After this, recall will probably be retained for approximately a week, when another 2 minute review can be completed followed by a further review after about one month. After this time the knowledge will be lodged in Long Term Memory. This means it will be familiar in the...

Memory System For Names And Faces

Carrying the principles of repetition and involvement further, make sure that during conversations with people you newly meet you repeat the name wherever possible. This repetition helps to implant the name more firmly in your memory, and is also socially more rewarding, for it involves the other person more intimately in the conversation. It is far more satisfying to hear you say 'yes, as Mr. Jones has just said ' than to hear you say 'yes, as this chap over here as just said '

Neurogenesis In The Adult

An additional transcription factor worth noting in the context of secondary waves of transcription factor regulation is C EBP. C EBP is the CCAAT Enhancer Binding Protein, a known secondary target of CREB regulation in Aplysia sensory neurons. Cristina Alberini's lab has shown that the consolidation of mammalian long-term memory is associated with a relatively late (several hours post-training) elevation of C EBP (45). While it is not known if this

Biblography On Memory Loss

Argyriou, A., Prast, H., Philippu, A. Melatonin facilitates short-term memory. European Journal of Pharmacology 349 159-162, 1998. Higbee, K. L. Your Memory How It Works and How to Improve It, Second edition. Paragon House, New York, 1988. Kandel, E. R. Genes, synapses, and long-term memory. Journal ofCell Physiology 173 124-125, 1997. Mohs, R. C., Ashman, T. A., Jantzen, K., Albert, M., Brandt, J., Gordon, B., Rasmusson, X., Grossman, M., Jacobs, D., Stern, Y. A study of the efficacy of a comprehensive memory enhancement program in healthy elderly persons. Psychiatry Research 77 183-195, 1998. Scogin, F., Bienias, J. A three-year follow-up of older adult participants in a memory skills training program. Psychology and Aging 3 334-337, 1988. Van Gorp, W. G., Wilkins, J. N., Moore, L. H., Hull, J., Horner, M. D., Plotkin, D. Declarative and procedural memory functioning in abstinent cocaine abusers. Archives of General Psychiatry 56 85-89, 1999.

Peter Barrett Mind Mapping

Radiant Thinking

Until just before the publication of The Mind Map Book, Mind Maps had always been created using coloured pens and paper. But now technology makes it possible to Mind Map using computers, because they now have enough memory capacity, speed and software capability to allow Mind Maps to be drawn on screen.

Reviewing your mind map notes

Having completed your Mind Map notes, you should review them regularly in order to maintain your understanding and recall of what you have learnt. The natural rhythms of your memory are discussed in detail in Tony Buzan's Use Your Memory, Chapter 11, and Use Your Head, Chapter 5. The essential points are summarised here. The information will then be stored in the long-term memory.

6 The Number Shape System

If you managed to do this successfully, you have already accomplished a memory feat that most people would find difficult if not impossible. You have now forged into your memory and creative imagination a system that you will be able to use throughout your life and that combines the qualities of both the left and the right hemispheres of your brain.

Rationale of the mind map laws

Radiant Thinking

Colour is one of the most powerful tools for enhancing memory and creativity. Choosing specific colours for coding purposes or for specific areas of your Mind Map will give you faster access to the information, will improve your memory of the information, and will increase the number and range of your creative ideas. Such colour codes and symbols can be developed both by individuals and by groups. Obscurity veils perception. If you scribble your notes they will hinder rather than help your memory. According to psychologists, our short-term memory is on average only capable of storing seven items of information. Chunking can help us use this storage space more effectively. For example, an untrained brain-user may use all their short-term memory capacity to store a seven-digit phone number. The skilled brain-user, on the other hand, will chunk the seven digits in some meaningful way, thus leaving space for other information. fin 1982 Chase and Erickson carried out an experiment on this...

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