Older and Wiser

After raising three children and working 16 years as a dry cleaner, Doris Waller, 53, looked for a change of pace. She had always enjoyed housekeeping, so she took on a job with a maid service. After a highly successful first year, Doris struck out on her own. Now she is president of her own housekeeping service, D& W Cleaning, Inc., which serves professional offices and private homes. Doris has kept busy learning entrepreneurial skills for her expanding business. Her current task is...

Seven Intelligences

As a framework for our discussion of more specific capabilities of the brain, we will use Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences.16 Gardner feels that too much importance has been placed on the types of skills and talents required to score well on standardized intelligence tests. A person who scores a high intelligence quotient (IQ) does so as the result of performing well on certain linguistic, spatial, and mathematical tasks. Gardner holds that there are at least seven...

Selfquiz

Test your new knowledge about the aging process with these 10 statements about aging. Read each one and determine whether it is true or false. 1. _Studies show that there may not be a decline in cognitive abilities in active, stimulated individuals. Intelligence test scores for these individuals may actually improve. 2. _People who are happy and content with their lives show less cognitive decline than those suffering from stress or discontent. 3. _The older we get, the more robust our store of...

Feeding Your Brain

You know that proper nutrition assists your body to fight infection, prevent cancer, and function efficiently during daily activities. Take just a few minutes to evaluate your diet. In the blank next to each food category, write the number of servings you eat on a typical day _Meats, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, Nuts The brain requires 25 percent of the body's available resources. You must keep your body adequately nourished to provide the essential nutrients in sufficient quantities. After...

References

Lynne Lamberg, A Matter of Time, BrainWork (March-April 1998) 6-8. 2. Isadora Stehlin, A Time to Heal Chronotherapy Tunes In to Body's Rhythms, FDA Consumer, 31 (April 1, 1997). 3. Avi Karni et al., Dependence on REM sleep of overnight improvement of a perceptual skill, Science, 265 (July 29, 1994) 679-682. 4. Matthew Wilson and Bruce McNaughton cited in Memory Building, The Economist, 348 (August 29, 1998). 5. Timothy Monk et al., Subjective alertness rhythms in elderly people, Journal of...

Automatic Motor Response

Ball Room Dancing is an example of automatic motor response (AMR). Sharon Mulgrew and Bryan Umeki have practiced their dancing so often that they now are operating from AMR. At the beginning, they had to concentrate deeply to learn the movements. It is this aMr feature of their brains that allows them to finally enjoy dancing. While learning to drive, one of the authors' sisters complained that is was hard to work the manual transmission. Her dad quipped that it would be hard at the beginning,...

Spatial Relationships

Knowing where you are with respect to other objects, distinguishing between two similar objects, and finding similarities between two objects are examples of skills in spatial relationships. In general, having good spatial-relationship skills means that you are comfortable and working well with the three-dimensional world. Kinesthetic learners usually have wonderful spatial-relationship skills. They seldom get lost. They know where their keys are They function well with their bodies. Often,...

Solutionsto Exercises And Games

Information-Processing Preassessment Solution Give yourself one point for each of the following answers 1. bread, ice cream, bananas, rice, and soup 6. watch repair, drugstore, shoe repair, and bank 8. Nothing the hardware store is not on my list of errands. 9. No, I need to pick up the shoes. 10. Two birthday cards and a prescription. The Advantages of Repetition Priming Solutions 1. Ivory soap 2. Ajax 3. Preference hair color 4. Nike sports equipment 5. Roto-Rooter 6. NBC television network...

Rhythms Of Your Brain

Our mind, spirit, and body perform an intricate, intensely interactive dance of life. When our body's health is compromised, as when we have a cold, our cognitive functions and emotional well-being suffer. When we suffer an emotional upset, our judgments are not as clear as we would like, and sometimes our body rebels under the stress with gastrointestinal flareups or other aches and pains. In addition, when our cognitive functioning is not up to par, we cannot control or respond correctly to...

Resting Your Brain

Before you read the information regarding sleep, answer the following questions about your current sleep patterns 1. How many hours a night, on average, do you sleep 2. How many hours a night, on average, do you lie awake in bed _ 3. When you wake in the mornings, do you feel refreshed and ready to get started on a new day _ 4. If you take a nap or naps during the day, how many hours, on average, do you sleep _ 5. On a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being excellent and 5 being extremely poor, how...

Engineer Your Own Learning

Environmental Effects on Learning Emotional Effects on Learning Social Effects on Learning Gender Differences and Learning In Chapter 1, you determined your preferences for acquiring information visually, auditorially, or kinesthetically. In Chapter 2, you learned more than you probably ever wanted to know about how your brain processes the information you obtain. Now one more aspect of the learning process, and you will be fully prepared to tackle the techniques and strategies we present in...

Mental Agility Pretest

The results of the following test will not yield an intelligence quotient (IQ) rating. If you would like to have a measure of your IQ, several Web sites will provide this for you. You might try www.intp.org tests.html, which offers, in their words, a plethora of tests. This pretest will provide a raw score against which you may compare your posttest score. Find some scratch paper for use during the test. Set a timer for 10 minutes. Begin the test, and mark answers for each question in the space...

Resources for Brain Development

This appendix contains a list of books, magazines, videotapes, and other items we found helpful in increasing our mental agility. We hope you will look over the kinds of resources contained in this appendix and locate similar resources in your local libraries, agencies, and bookstores. Remember that the key to mental agility is to keep physically fit and to exercise your brain by learning new things. Age Erasers for Women Rodale Press, Inc., 1994 ISBN 0-87596-214-9 Written and compiled by the...

Facts About Aging Quiz

Conjugation Converter

Test your knowledge about the aging process with these 12 statements about aging. Read each one and determine whether it is true or false. 1. _As people age, they experience reduced muscle 2. _Oral health declines as a result of the aging 3. _Approximately 25 percent of all older adults 4. _It is normal to become more forgetful as you age. 5. _According to the National Institute of Aging, 85 percent of all those over 85 years old live in residential communities or nursing homes. 6. _Senility is...

R

Exercise, 99-100 Reaction time, affect of aging, 142-144 Reading glasses, 130 improving ability, 65 Recalling people's names, 85 Recalling information associations, 111-112 schemata, 107 search strategies, 105-107 Rehearsal, information processing, 90 Relaxation and sleep, 170 technique, 161 Relieving insomnia via melatonin, 168 REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement), memory formation, 165 Remediation, combatting people's names, 85 self-quiz, 75 Repetition priming games, 93 clock), 160 Resistance...

Learning New Tricks

Chuck and Jacque Gibson bought a new computer (their second) to help them in their bookkeeping business. They are having the time of their lives learning a new trick scanning photographs and exchanging them via e-mail with their children and grandchildren. computer where an electronic mailbox exists. A sample is kcwetzel mentalagility.com or information mentalagility.com. Many people are finding it fun and easy to send photos attached to an e-mail message. They have a device attached to their...

Annotated List of Learning Opportunities for Senior Citizens

This appendix contains a list of educational and travel opportunities you may find helpful in increasing your mental agility. Remember that the key to mental agility is to keep physically fit and to exercise your brain by learning new things. OLDER ADULT SERVICE AND INFORMATION SYSTEM OASIS Founded in St. Louis, MO, in 1982, OASIS is a national education organization designed to enhance the quality of life for mature adults. OASIS is a public-private partnership offering programs through a...

M

Degeneration, 130 Magazines for brain development, 315-321 Magnifying glasses, improving reading ability, 65 Mailing lists, 327 Malleability of brain in children, 28 mental skills, 192 Massage therapy, reducing stress slowing aging, 191 Math intelligence, exercises, 216 Math trick exercises, mental agility pretest, 263 Mazes, 271-280 Medical checkups, 200 Medical treatments, matching to Circadian rhythms, 163 Medications interactions, 201 matching ingestion to biological rhythms, 162-163...

Why You Should Read This Book

Rusty Brain

Regardless of your age, have you ever experienced what may be affectionately described as senior moments For example, have you Checked three or four times to make sure that the same appliance is turned off before you leave home Tried to use a word in your conversation that you know you know but cannot recall Walked up and down the parking lot looking for your car, with the grocery sacker tagging along behind Forgotten someone's name you just met, even though you were rehearsing it while you...