Syllogisms are made up of two premises and a conclusion. The first, or major, premise describes all of one class or group, A, in terms of some other class or group, B (All vegetarians do not eat meat). The second, or minor, premise places a third class or group, C, either within A or not within B (Gorden is a vegetarian). The conclusion states that C is B (Gorden does not eat meat).

When a negative is used in a syllogism, it follows the same form. For instance, All vegetarians do not eat meat. Gorden is not a vegetarian. Gorden eats meat. The word "not" in the second premise signals the negative.

Here are a few examples of positive and negative syllogisms:

Smart people do not believe in UFOs. (All A are not B)

Lee does not believe in UFOs. (C is not B)

The greatest jazz artists were all improvisers.

Miles Davis was an improviser.

Miles Davis was a great jazz artist.

If you attend Camp HiLow, you will lose weight. (If A, then B) You attend Camp HiLow. (A) You lose weight. (B)

If Jason stays after class to speak with his professor, he will miss the bus. (If A then B) Jason did not stay after class to speak with his professor. (not A) Jason did not miss the bus. (not B)

If we do not negotiate with the other side, they will defeat us. (If not A, then B) We negotiated. (A) They did not defeat us. (not B)

The Art Of Cold Reading

The Art Of Cold Reading

Today I'm going to teach you a fundamental Mentalism technique known as 'cold reading'. Cold reading is a technique employed by mentalists and charlatans and by charlatan I refer to psychics, mediums, fortune tellers or anyone that claims false abilities that is used to give the illusion that the person has some form of super natural power.

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