Lesson 18 Explanation or Argument

You learned that an explanation is a statement or set of statements, that gives new information about something that has been accepted as fact. It is made up of two parts, the thing that will be explained (known as the explanadum), and the set of statements that is supposed to do the explaining (known as the explanans). The four indicators of a good explanation are that it gives new information, its topic is accepted as fact, when accepted, it removes or lessens a problem, and it is relevant.

You also learned how to tell the difference between an explanation and an argument. An explanation helps you to understand a certain fact by giving reasons that are causes of the fact. It answers the question, "why?" An argument, on the other hand, tries to convince you of the truth of its conclusion by giving reasons (premises) that are evidence for the conclusion. Arguments may be opinions or value judgments, while explanations are never either of these.

Friendly Persuasion

Friendly Persuasion

To do this successfully you need to build a clear path of action by using tools if necessary. These tools would be facts, evidence and stories which you know they can relate to. Plus you always want to have their best interests at heart, in other words, you know what is good for them

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