Lesson 18 Explanation or Argument

You learned that an explanation is a statement or set of statements, that gives new information about something that has been accepted as fact. It is made up of two parts, the thing that will be explained (known as the explanadum), and the set of statements that is supposed to do the explaining (known as the explanans). The four indicators of a good explanation are that it gives new information, its topic is accepted as fact, when accepted, it removes or lessens a problem, and it is relevant.

You also learned how to tell the difference between an explanation and an argument. An explanation helps you to understand a certain fact by giving reasons that are causes of the fact. It answers the question, "why?" An argument, on the other hand, tries to convince you of the truth of its conclusion by giving reasons (premises) that are evidence for the conclusion. Arguments may be opinions or value judgments, while explanations are never either of these.

The Art Of Cold Reading

The Art Of Cold Reading

Today I'm going to teach you a fundamental Mentalism technique known as 'cold reading'. Cold reading is a technique employed by mentalists and charlatans and by charlatan I refer to psychics, mediums, fortune tellers or anyone that claims false abilities that is used to give the illusion that the person has some form of super natural power.

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