Lesson 17 Judgment Calls

You learned how to make decisions and solve problems when the stakes are high, and there are no clear right or wrong answers. Judgment calls can be made on very different things, such as sporting events, investment decisions, and employment choices, but they have four things in common: the stakes are high, the information you need is incomplete or ambiguous, knowledgeable people disagree about them, and there are sometimes conflicting values involved.

Judgment calls are subjective and debatable, but should not be made by relying on biases and intuition. Rather, take the time to evaluate the risks involved and weigh the consequences of each possible option. It is not always easy to make judgment calls, but they should not become quick, uninformed decisions because of the difficulty. Approach them carefully, and much of the difficulty will be eased.

Logical Fallacy Glossary

■ Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (Latin for "after this, therefore because of this"): occurs when you incorrectly assume that because one event preceded another, it caused it.

■ Red herring: any diversion that distracts attention from the main issue. Red Herrings usually takes the form of an irrelevant topic used to change the subject from one that is uncomfortable for the arguer.

■ Ad hominem (Latin for "against the person"): instead of arguing against a topic, the topic is ignored and the person making the argument is attacked. In other words, the person who makes a claim becomes the issue, rather than the claim he or she was making.

■ Straw man: presumes the question, "Which is easier to fight? A real man, or one made of straw?" The straw man is obviously weaker. This fallacy distracts attention away from an opponent's real position by creating a weaker one that is easier to attack.

Friendly Persuasion

Friendly Persuasion

To do this successfully you need to build a clear path of action by using tools if necessary. These tools would be facts, evidence and stories which you know they can relate to. Plus you always want to have their best interests at heart, in other words, you know what is good for them

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