Lesson 15 Misusing Inductive Reasoning Logical Fallacies

You learned that an inductive fallacy looks like an argument, but it either has two premises that do not provide enough support for the conclusion, or a conclusion that does not fit the premises. Four common logical fallacies were explored, including hasty generalization, in which the premises do not contain enough evidence to support the conclusion. The chicken and egg fallacy occurs when you claim cause and effect without enough evidence. Post hoc, ergo

Deductive versus Inductive Reasoning

Type of Argument Premises Conclusion When Is it Correct?

Deductive

general facts specific

valid when both premises are true, conclusion

or rules

follows logically

Inductive specific general sound when premises support principles, probable truth of conclusion theories, rules

Inductive specific general sound when premises support principles, probable truth of conclusion theories, rules propter hoc (Latin for "after this, therefore because of this") is the fallacy of drawing a cause and effect conclusion that does not fit the facts. The composition fallacy focuses on parts of a whole, drawing a conclusion based only on those parts.

The Art Of Cold Reading

The Art Of Cold Reading

Today I'm going to teach you a fundamental Mentalism technique known as 'cold reading'. Cold reading is a technique employed by mentalists and charlatans and by charlatan I refer to psychics, mediums, fortune tellers or anyone that claims false abilities that is used to give the illusion that the person has some form of super natural power.

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