Distinguishing an Explanation from an Argument

An explanation helps you to understand a certain fact by giving reasons that are causes of the fact. It answers the question, "why?"An argument, on the other hand, tries to convince you of the truth of its conclusion by giving reasons (premises) that are evidence for the conclusion. Simply put, an explanation provides causes, and an argument provides evidence.

Even when you understand this basic difference, though, it can sometimes be difficult to tell one from the other. Why is it important to be able to distinguish an explanation from an argument? There are times when someone will label his or her explanation as an argument. That is, they will try to convince you of something by telling you its causes, as opposed to giving you evidence. There are three specific ways in which the two differ. They are:

1. recommendations and value judgments

2. feelings and beliefs

3. future outcomes

Each of these will be discussed in detail.

The Art Of Cold Reading

The Art Of Cold Reading

Today I'm going to teach you a fundamental Mentalism technique known as 'cold reading'. Cold reading is a technique employed by mentalists and charlatans and by charlatan I refer to psychics, mediums, fortune tellers or anyone that claims false abilities that is used to give the illusion that the person has some form of super natural power.

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