Answer

The correct answer is 3. You cannot decide without more information, because you don't know how many "some" and "many" are.

To prepare for this type of test, review in particular the lessons on deductive and inductive reasoning, as well as the lessons on logical fallacies.

A widely used test, in both vocational and educational settings, is the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA). It is made up of various reading passages followed by 40 questions. The passages include problems, statements, arguments, and interpretations.

Questions are designed to test these skills:

■ recognition of assumptions

■ interpretation

■ evaluation of arguments

This test is similar to many other critical reading evaluations. It expects that you will be able to read a passage, and not only understand its content, but also understand what it implies and infers. You can prepare for the WCGTA by using this book as explained in the SAT and ACT sections already discussed.

Many vocational tests, such as the Corrections Officer Exam and the U.S. Customs Service Critical Thinking Skills Test, use situational questions. These tests supply you with a written scenario about which you must answer questions. The questions may ask you to make inferences or judgment calls based on the scenario. There are three types of situational questions:

1. read rules or agency procedures and apply them to a hypothetical situation

2. answer which hypothetical situation is most likely to indicate dangerous or criminal activity

3. read about a job-related situation and choose which of five inferences is correct, and why it is correct

These tests rely heavily on the skills you learned in Lessons 1,2, and 3. You need to understand the problem or situation clearly and be able to determine what is implied, or may be inferred about it. Focused observation is a highly important skill in these types of jobs. Being able to make sound judgment calls (Lesson 17) is also critical. Here is an example taken from a situa-tional reasoning part of a Corrections Officer Test.

The Art Of Cold Reading

The Art Of Cold Reading

Today I'm going to teach you a fundamental Mentalism technique known as 'cold reading'. Cold reading is a technique employed by mentalists and charlatans and by charlatan I refer to psychics, mediums, fortune tellers or anyone that claims false abilities that is used to give the illusion that the person has some form of super natural power.

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