Consequent See antecedent and conditional

Context The context of an argument is the set of circumstances in which an argument is actually advanced by an arguer. Context is significant because in order to reconstruct an argument we often have to fill in premises that are only implicitly assumed by the arguer. To determine what an arguer is likely to have assumed, we usually need to know the circumstances in which the argument is advanced.

Cost/benefit Potential actions are evaluated as justified or not in terms of their costs and benefits, where these indicate values, positive or negative, that need not be measurable monetarily (that is, they may be moral or aesthetic values, or some other for which the question of price may be inapplicable). Such arguments are the domain of practical reasoning.

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