Causal generalisations

In the preceding examples we were concerned with causal relationships between particular events or states of affairs. We were concerned, for

6 It may, indeed, contain only one item, in which case there is no need for P3. For example, smoke is always caused by fire; therefore if we see smoke, then since we know that it is always caused by fire, and never by anything else, we can conclude immediately that the smoke we see is caused by a fire. Such cases of course are not very interesting.

The practice of argument reconstruction

example, with whether or not the particular event in a car's cooling system was caused by a particular fault. However causal statements often appear as generalisations about types of events or states of affairs, as in:

0 0

Post a comment