Abnormal states of the brain

In the context of non-control, we find three main types of abnormalities:

1. State of torpor

2. State of hyperactivity

3. State of tension

1. The state of torpor is characterized by a reduction of sensation perceived by the hand; reactions are slower and more irregular; it feels as if the brain is less active, heavy, and lacking energy.

2. The state of hyperactivity, on the other hand, is accompanied by very strong, but disorganized sensations, which differ from normal agitation which always present a certain regularity of vibration.

3. The state of tension almost always causes pain, either piercing pain in the nape of the neck, or pressure on the temples. Patients feel as if their brain is "blocked or contracted." At first, the phenomenon is caused by a natural defense against anxiety, or simply because patients become more or less conscious that they are not in control of their own brain. It is therefore constantly present in all neurasthenics. The initial temporary symptom can, in certain cases, become persistent, and create a particular type of disorder.

This particular type, although it occurs relatively frequently, seems to have been ignored by most authors. It is characterized by three symptoms:

Irritability

Pain

Fatigue

Irritability is the result of the hypersensitivity of the brain in a state of constant tension, and since this state is permanent, it is quite natural for persons to become irritated and upset about almost anything.

Pain varies in intensity and form: patients sometimes feel as if they are about to explode - the skull feels too small to contain the pressure; or they may feel as if a steel band were being progressively tightened around their head. One patient described it as feeling like a violin string which has been tuned too tightly, and which vibrates with pain.

Fatigue is a perfectly normal result, considering the extreme tension; this cannot go on indefinitely, and when it stops patients experience intense fatigue, which they end up fearing as much as the pain itself.

The tension or feeling of contraction is not limited to the brain, but can be felt throughout the body.

In the first place, muscles become more or less contracted, and sometimes painful; walking becomes difficult, and sometimes impossible; balance is unstable. Patients may also suffer from contractions of the esophagus, stomach or intestines.

These muscular symptoms often lead to an erroneous diagnosis, especially when they are limited to a single arm or leg. They may be mistakenly attributed to hysterical contractions and, when more generalized, to lesions of the encephalon or spinal cord.

It is easy to detect this kind of cerebral tension through direct examination: the vibrations are very tense, like a wire vibrating very quickly; waves have hardly any amplitude, and are so faint they are hardly perceptible.

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